"But regardless of culture, female employment rises with job-creating growth."

Agreed. Next I look forward to your explicitly connecting the literature on economic freedom with economic growth. While the literature comes to diverse conclusions, especially with respect to the impact on growth of different indicators on economic growth, on balance economic liberalism, as measured by economic freedom indices, is beneficial for job-creating growth. Whether or not one then describes that as "neoliberalism" is a different question, but given the knee-jerk manner in which many academics use "neoliberalism" as an epithet, it is significant that the best way to improve the condition of women globally is to increase economic freedom, thus job-creating growth.

One of many articles,


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Aren't there some confounding factors here? Singapore's housing policy effectively banned ethnic conclaves and forced a degree of assimilation. There is also the fact that Singapore has national conscription which, of course, only applies to men but also probably helps in creating a unified national culture. So it would make sense that the social norms of the minority communities would converge to the majority Chinese norms.

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I think at least part of the reason is that PAP as a party belongs quite firmly to the type of modernizing/developmental parties of of East Asia (both those to the left and right).

It was also once quite left wing, even outflanking the communists from the left briefly during independence.

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